How to Write a Graduate CV

A CV which is known as a curriculum vitae is a document which contains high level information and detail about your achievements. On the average, every recruiter spends approximately 75secs to read your CV, so you have just over a minute to land yourself an aptitude test or an interview.

Most CVs are disqualified mostly because of bad grammar, bad spelling or poor visual layout. You need to make sure you use clear font styles, a font size that is greater than 11px. Your CV shouldn’t be less than two pages and not more than three pages.

Format of writing a graduate CV












Now, let’s take a critical look at each point and the kind of information you are expected to provide

HEADING: the information you are to provide in the heading are

Name – this must be in capital letters, bold and centralised

Address – use an address that is closest to the recruitment, but make sure it exists

Email – ensure your email address is functional

Contact number –  ensure that the number you provide is reachable and its your personal number

There are other relevant details you can provide such as your sex, marital status, age, state of origin, nationality, etc

PERSONAL STATEMENT: your personal statement should not be more than five sentences. Avoid buzzwords such as ‘team player’ ‘dynamic’. Be positive, lively and on point. Your personal statement plays the same role that a movie trailer does to a new movie. It what attracts the recruiter to you and encourages him to see you as a qualified candidate. Ensure you are objective and straight to the point. It must cover the following;

Who you are – that is your skills and training you acquired

What you can do – this explains what you can do for the company or what you have done in the past

Career aims – this explains what you are looking out for, what you wish to achieve

EDUCATION: just after your personal statement comes your educational background/qualifications. Again, make sure you start with your most recent education. Here is a way to write it;

Qualification _______ Subject grade _______(in brackets)

Institution ___________________________________

Dates _____________________________

WORK EXPERIENCE: as a graduate, you may not have much work experiences to put in your CV, but you need to be intelligent. The format for writing this section of your CV is given below. Ensure you start with your most recent job

Job title ____________________________________

Employer ________________ Date __________(in brackets)

Employer address ____________________

Major duties accomplished _________________________


HONOURS: here if you have participated in a competition or whatsoever and you received an award, you rightly put it in this section of your CV. Below is the format for it;

Award title ______________________________

Institution _________________________________

Date ________________________

ACTIVITIES: if you participated in any social activity for example, being a member of Rotary club, SUG etc, this is where you include it.

CERTIFICATES/LICENCES: if you have gone through a professional training and acquired a certificate in such programs you include those certificates in this section. Or you attain a professional licence, you also include them here. Ensure you start with the most recent. Below is a format to write this

Name of certificate _________________________

Name of agency _______________________________

Dates _________________________________________

PUBLICATIONS: peradventure you have published an academic work, it could be your project/seminar work, a book or an article. Ensure to include them in this section and provide sources where such publications can be reached.

PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIP: if you are part of a professional body, for example Nigerian Society of Engineers, Nigerian Institute of Management, ICAN etc., also ensure you start with the most recent.

SPECIAL SKILLS: feel free to list some of your special skills, which are relevant to the job you’re applying for. Skills such as good team player, good communication skills, computer skills should be included along with other skills.

REFERENCES: before including anyone as your reference, ensure you contact the person prior to that time. But it is more professional not to include anyone in this section of your CV, rather you simply put ‘will be provided upon request’


Spanish Fly: How Grave Are The Risks?

libido fly
Spanish Fly

Aphrodisiacs, named after the Greek goddess of love Aphrodite, have one single purpose – to increase the amount of sexual desire you’re feeling at that point in time, and ideally for several hours afterwards. The use of these “love potions” dates back thousands of years to when humans first started tinkering with medicine, and when they first realized what a potent weapon sex and sexual energy can be. Of all the aphrodisiacs that have come into, and vanished out of existence over the centuries, Spanish Fly features as the single most famous, and ultimately the most dangerous, product designed to allegedly increase female arousal and sexual desire.

Spanish Fly itself is not actually made from flies (thankfully I hear you say!), but is instead made from a type of green beetle called the Lytta vesicatoria. Basically the dried remains of these beetles are ground into a fine powder, which is then mixed with a number of other ingredients and then placed in a water or alcohol base. So this allegedly potent aphrodisiac is made from dead insects – there’s no sexual magic or alchemy involved.
There are some historical records which say that Spanish Fly was originally used as a form of anaesthetics given to men on their wedding night. At that time, it was an ointment which was applied to the male genitals to numb them long enough to allow the man to perform sexually for longer, impressing his new wife in the process. It was never, ever designed to be taken internally though, and this is where the health issues really start. Now this goes against everything you see when in adverts for this female libido enhancer, because it’s always supplied as either drops, or sometimes pills, to be taken orally.

There’s a serious problem here because the active ingredient in this aphrodisiac is something called cantharadin, which is actually a severe irritant and blistering agent. In fact, they’re so potent that simply placing a substance containing cantharadin on your skin can cause it to blister almost immediately, so it’s obviously not something you would ever want to drink or take orally.

The most commonly held belief around Spanish Fly is that it was originally used to encourage farm animals to mate (and it was reasonably effective in making this happen), so somebody, somewhere decided that it could be used for the same purpose for human beings. The reason why people think this aphrodisiac might actually work to enhance your sex drive is because it causes irritation in the urinary tract, which then causes blood to rush to your genitals – this rush of blood then being mistaken for sexual arousal. What’s actually happening is that the toxic ingredients in Spanish Fly are poisoning your body in a number of different ways.

The only real reason Spanish Fly has managed to retain some kind of mystical significance as an aphrodisiac is because it’s been banned from sale in most civilized countries – simply because it’s so dangerous. Unfortunately, some people think it’s been banned because it actually works and this makes them all the more eager to try it. The fact that this product has been banned has created a kind of weird viral marketing campaign for it – which people are still falling for even today.

So are there any health risks associated with taking Spanish Fly?

Friends, the list is almost endless, but what we’re going to do is to list the most common and most serious side effects of this aphrodisiac, as a warning to any woman considering taking this “sexual stimulant”, even just experimentally.

Miscarriage: Spanish Fly has been used for centuries by back alley abortionist to terminate pregnancies, so any woman who is currently pregnant or trying to get pregnant needs to avoid this product like the plague itself. There is a very strong risk that using this product in even the smallest of doses could cause you to accidentally abort your child.

Kidney Damage: There are numerous verifiable cases of Spanish Fly causing severe damage to the kidneys of people taking it. This is based on the fact that the irritant contained in this product goes to work on your urinary tract causing inflammation and infection there, which then spreads elsewhere. If you do decide to use Spanish Fly, you should be prepared to visit the nearest hospital shortly afterwards.

Neurological Issues: Taking Spanish Fly in even small doses can result in anything from delirium, confusion and borderline psychosis to actual loss of consciousness. People who use this product often complain of not feeling in control of their own thoughts and emotions and, believe it or not, some people become so confused they actually start barking like a dog. So if you like the idea of developing potentially long-term neurological problems then Spanish Fly is ideal for you (we’re kidding obviously).

Frequent Urination: The irritation of your urinary tract will be so severe that you’ll literally need to urinate every few minutes, ruining any potential for sexual fun you might have been looking forward to. The most commonly reported side effect of using this product is that you constantly feel the need to urinate after taking it.

Digestive Problems: Within just minutes of taking a few drops of this “stimulant” you’ll begin to experience a burning sensation in your throat and then your stomach. The irritation can become so severe that it will eventually require professional medical assistance. Many people also report feeling incredibly thirsty, but that drinking any kind of fluid has no effect on this thirst, making it unbearable as a result.

Death: Large doses Spanish Fly can kill you – it’s literally that toxic. Most of the genuine Spanish Fly products contain a very small amount of a poison called strychnine, and absorbed in small doses this would make you feel extremely unwell. In larger doses however it will kill you very quickly, and what’s worse strychnine poisoning can be hard to trace except when it’s largely present in your body. So as you can see Spanish Fly is about as dangerous a substance as you would ever dare take, with side-effects so serious that you’re probably wondering why it hasn’t been banned completely? Unfortunately, human beings have a tendency to believe myth and lore rather than actual science, which is why rhinos are still being hunted for their horns, which is then turned into an aphrodisiac product for men, for example. Basically Spanish Fly will not only do absolutely nothing for your sex drive, but it can and will endanger your health.

The reason why you started reading this article in the first place though is because, as a woman, you’re struggling with your current lack of sexual desire and you’re no doubt desperate to find a way to treat this “problem”. It’s impossible for anyone to understand what it feels like to lose your sex drive, unless they’ve actually experienced it themselves. This sense of desperation is what drives so many people to try crazy lotions and potions like Spanish Fly to reignite the flames of passion in their life, and in their body, all over again.

I would like to close with this, always do well to read up facts about whatsoever drug, potion, pill or fluid that you might want to try out, so as to be aware of the risks of what you are consuming.

Finally, do me a fovour by following my blog and most of all share this posts with your friends on your social media platforms. Shalom!!!!



In recent years when students sit for local, national or international exams, they mostly do not get the results they wished to. This according to my research may not be as a result of poor preparation for the examination by the students (as it is widely rumored), rather it is chiefly due to the poor understanding of the different technical terms/words used by the examiner in creating the questions. i have seen students spending hours in the exam hall, ruminating on a particular idea, confused on what answers the examiner really needs them to supply, only for them to come out miserably from the exam hall and ask a colleague what the examiner wanted from them and s/he explains what was required of them to do, and immediately they screams ‘ah!! i thought of that o, that lecturer is very trickish’. But, hey! worry no more as this post will give you a better understanding of what the examiner needs from you, therefore, putting you in a pole position to score higher than you normally do.

Below are the major terms/verbs examiners use while setting an exam, and i will enjoin you to put them to heart as they will forever be of help to you..

Account for: – give reasons

Analyse: – find the main ideas, discuss them and consider their relevant importance

Comment: – discuss, criticize and explain the idea in details

Compare: – show the differences and similarities

Contrast:-emphasize the difference

Criticize: – give your opinions showing both good and bad points, support your judgement with evidence and examples

Describe: – write a detailed account of the object, process and event

Discuss: – write in details, using arguments both for and against and then summarize and conclude

Enumerate:-write a numbered list or outline of the main points

Evaluate: – using your own ideas or that of others, discuss the worth of the statement, test its veracity and degree of importance. Take a decision

Explain: – interpret and clarify, giving your own reasons

Illustrate: – use concrete examples, comparisons and perhaps diagrams

Justify: – give convincing reasons in support of the statement

State: – describe precisely the most important aspect of the topic

Summarize: – omitting details and illustrations, give only the main points in order of importance

Trace: – describe the history, process or development of the subject.

So, here we are, you now have these tools at your disposal, match forward into the exam halls and show them what you are made of…………………………

Moreover, don’t forget to share this piece with your friends.



The academic environment is a very challenging environment that if full of distractions, stress and a whole lot that requires the attention of the scholar. The desire of every student is to excel in his/her academics even in the midst of these challenging situations in school, and for one to excel, one needs to make A’s in his/her courses. That is the reason why i have taken out my time to draft out steps on how you can make straight A’s in all your subject/course, thus excel in school

Step1: Work with Your Lecturer (… Because He Is Your Coach)

Every lecturer is looking for students who are serious about the subject at hand, who will work hand in hand with him/her in the classroom. You’re to consider your lecturer a friend in learning and guidance (someone who is there to help you). So many students think of their lecturer as an enemy, wicked, dictator or someone who forces them to sit and be quiet and gives them assignments. You need to realize that no matter the drilling or piles of assignment your lecturer gives to you; his/her sole aim is to bring out the best in you. Here’s how to work better with your lecturers:

  • Show respect to him/her by not making mockery or jesting of his accent, mannerism or teaching pattern
  • Show interest by participating in class
  • Start and finish the topic with him/her, shun absenteeism
  • Try to understand their teaching pattern
  • Know their dos and don’ts
  • Think of them as coaches and friends, and appreciate their efforts

Step2: Never Miss a Class (… It Could Be Very Difficult to Catch Up)

Most test questions come from important points your lecturer present in class. Everyday your lecturer covers a topic(s) and sometimes exposes key areas of concentration. Therefore, missing class would really create a knowledge gap in your memory and you could find it very difficult to catch up. Impromptu tests are no more a new thing today, so missing classes could pose a stumbling block to optimal success. Attending classes helps you to get first hand explanation of every topic and thus makes reading more enjoyable. Ensure you’re punctual to classes and endeavour to sit up front because its aids your receptivity and prevents distractions.

Step3: Take Notes during Classes (… It Helps You to Be an Active Listener)

As it is popularly said the faintest pen is sharper than the smartest brain, careful note taking and note keeping are important tools of success in any course. No matter how simple, concise or complicated the course might be, always ensure you take note of what is been taught. While taking notes, always look out for key points and potential exam questions. The difference between hearing and listening is concentration, note taking offers you the opportunity to concentrate and thus listen to the lecture. Note taking helps to inhibit absent mindedness, distraction, side traction, dullness and poor understanding. It encapsulates you from distractions and positions your mind into listening.

Step4: Review Your Notes, Study Your Textbooks, Materials And Complete Your Assignment (… It Enhances Better Understanding)

A student who reviews whatsoever s/he learnt within the first 24hrs tends to have better understanding than one who doesn’t. Ensure you revise all topics that were taught during the week by weekend. Use prescribed textbooks and materials when studying your courses. Completing assignment as well gives you a better understanding and also puts your brain to test at your leisure time. Never see assignments as punishment, rather see it as an avenue to know more and to become more skilful. Ensure you complete your assignments before time and submit when due. What differentiates assignment from test/examination is just the limited time allotted and supervision. Therefore, you need to take them seriously. Also never relegate your practical work to the background because it plays a vital role to achieving success in the course.

Step5: Study Ahead Of the Next Class (… It Serves As an Aroma for the Meal to Come)

Always stay at least a step ahead of every topic that is to be taught in the next class. When you study ahead, you will end up getting a better understanding of the topic when it’s been taught in class. It gives you a foretaste of the lecture and makes you to be test-ready. You also need to adopt a strategy for studying, as it will serve as a guide to effective study. Avoid being a cram, pour and forget (CPF) student. Seek to know and to become a master of it, because that will make you a better student on the long run. It’s very important for you to marry your studies with prayers and proclamations of faith.

Step6: Prove Your Worth On The D-Day (…. Because it’s The Indicator for the Overall Reaction)

Examination is not a true test of knowledge, many will argue; but it stands as the only medium that the academic institution uses to ascertain the student’s level of understanding and intelligence. The onus is therefore on the student to prove his/her worth on that very day of examination. Ensure you must have reviewed and revised your notes, textbooks, materials more than once before you step into the examination hall. While in the examination hall, do well to observe these

  • Always put your complete trust in God
  • Be self-confident and comport yourself as a good scholar ought to (do not be tensed up, scared or indecisive)
  • Ensure you understand all instructions before reading the questions
  • Ensure you understand the questions before attempting to answer
  • Start with the question you understand most and thereafter proceed in descending order
  • Concentrate solely on your work and avoid distraction of any sort
  • If a question proves very difficult, leave it, go to the next questions and afterwards come back to it
  • If it’s a theory question (calculation) ensure you are meticulous and adhere to procedures given to you in class
  • After attempting all questions, don’t rush out of the hall immediately; ensure you crosscheck your work over and over again before submitting.

These steps have been tested and trusted by myself and also by some great scholars, and I believe if you could try them out in your academics, they will prove fruitful.